Effect of high-pressure torsion on mechanical properties and in vitro biocompatibility of pure Zn

N.S. Martynenko, N.Y. Anisimova, N.Y. Tabachkova, V.N. Serebryany, O.V. Rybalchenko, A.V. Sannikov, D.R. Temralieva, E.A. Lukyanova, E.A. Kornjushenkov, M.V. Kiselevskiy, S.V. Dobatkin show affiliations and emails
Received: 16 May 2023; Revised: 07 July 2023; Accepted: 07 July 2023
Citation: N.S. Martynenko, N.Y. Anisimova, N.Y. Tabachkova, V.N. Serebryany, O.V. Rybalchenko, A.V. Sannikov, D.R. Temralieva, E.A. Lukyanova, E.A. Kornjushenkov, M.V. Kiselevskiy, S.V. Dobatkin. Effect of high-pressure torsion on mechanical properties and in vitro biocompatibility of pure Zn. Lett. Mater., 2023, 13(4) 308-311
BibTex   https://doi.org/10.22226/2410-3535-2023-4-308-311

Abstract

Mechanical properties, corrosion resistance and biocompatibility in vitro of pure Zn processed by high pressure torsion (HPT) were studied. Grain refinement and texture changes caused by HPT increase strength and ductility. HPT does not worsen the RBC hemolysis and ML viability of pure Zn. HPT insignificantly increases the degradation rate.Effect of the structure and texture caused by high pressure torsion (HPT) on mechanical properties, corrosion resistance and in vitro biocompatibility of pure Zn was studied. HPT leads to the formation of an ultrafine-grained (UFG) structure with an average grain size of 710 ± 40 nm. In addition, a sharp basal texture is formed in pure Zn after HPT. These structure and texture features lead to an increase in the ultimate tensile strength of pure Zn by 5.5 times while the ductility grows significantly. Pure Zn in both microstructural states does not increase the hemolytic activity of red blood cells. An interesting observation is the reduction of the cytotoxicity of pure Zn after HPT, which can be associated with a slight increase in its degradation rate.

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Funding

1. Russian Science Foundation - 22-23-00097