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Regular issue 12 (3) 2022


Thermoelectric materials are designed according to thermoelectric characteristics, which require good agreement with the Zeebeck coefficient, electronic conductivity, and thermal conductivity. This paper is presented the comparative data of thermal properties in five compounds of nanocrystalline copper sulfides KxCu1.85S (0<x <0.05) at the temperature zone from 300 K to 700 K. X-ray phase analysis shows a mixture different phases of copper sulfides such as Сu1.85S cubic phase, Cu2S cubic phase, Cu17S9 (Cu1.89S) rhombohedral phase, Cu2S tetragonal phase  in all investigated compounds at room temperature. The sizes of crystallites in the alloys estimated from half-width of X-ray lines are in range from 24 to 90 nm. The thermal conductivity of alloys decreases to 0.2 ÷ 0.6 W K-1m-1 in temperature range of 350 – 700 K due to increasing of the amount of potassium (for x = 0.04, 0.05). This guides the maximum thermoelectric characteristics of the material. The obtained results are important for semiconductor materials used in the field of thermoelectric devices.

Thermal properties of nanocrystalline copper sulfides KxCu1.85S (0 < x < 0.05)

Thermoelectric materials are designed according to thermoelectric characteristics, which require good agreement with the Zeebeck coefficient, electronic conductivity, and thermal conductivity. This paper is presented the comparative data of thermal properties in five compounds of nanocrystalline copper sulfides KxCu1.85S (0<x <0.05) at the temperature zone from 300 K to 700 K. X-ray phase analysis shows a mixture different phases of copper sulfides such as Сu1.85S cubic phase, Cu2S cubic phase, Cu17S9 (Cu1.89S) rhombohedral phase, Cu2S tetragonal phase in all investigated compounds at room temperature. The sizes of crystallites in the alloys estimated from half-width of X-ray lines are in range from 24 to 90 nm. The thermal conductivity of alloys decreases to 0.2 ÷ 0.6 W K-1m-1 in temperature range of 350 – 700 K due to increasing of the amount of potassium (for x = 0.04, 0.05). This guides the maximum thermoelectric characteristics of the material. The obtained results are important for semiconductor materials used in the field of thermoelectric devices.
K.A. Kuterbekov, M.K. Balapanov, M.M. Kubenova, R.S. Palymbetov, R.K. Ishembetov, S.M. Sakhabayeva, A.M. Kabyshev, B.M. Akhmetgaliev, K.Z. Bekmyrza, Y.T. Abseitov, S.G. Giniyatova
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Year: 2022 Volume: 12     Issue: 3 Pages: 191-196


Typical view of the "Torque - angle of twist" diagrams during the torsion test of specimens with a diameter of 3 mm made from magnesium alloy Mg-Zn-Ca after annealing (1) and after ECAP (2)

Strength and fracture mechanism of a magnesium alloy for medical applications after equal-channel angular pressing

Typical view of the "Torque - angle of twist" diagrams during the torsion test of specimens with a diameter of 3 mm made from magnesium alloy Mg-Zn-Ca after annealing (1) and after ECAP (2)
G.V. Klevtsov, R.Z. Valiev, N.A. Klevtsova, M.V. Fesenyuk, O.B. Kulaysova, I.N. Pigaleva
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Year: 2022 Volume: 12     Issue: 3 Pages: 203-208

the studies carried out show that by varying the nature of the solvent, the concentration and nature of the polymers in the initial solutions, it is possible to control the structure formation in mixed polymer solutions, and, therefore, the properties of the resulting composites.

Experimental evaluation of structure formation in solutions of biopolymer mixtures and prediction of the properties for biomedical materials obtained

the studies carried out show that by varying the nature of the solvent, the concentration and nature of the polymers in the initial solutions, it is possible to control the structure formation in mixed polymer solutions, and, therefore, the properties of the resulting composites.
A.S. Shurshina, V.V. Chernova, M.Yu. Lazdina, A.S. Titlova, E.I. Kulish
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Year: 2022 Volume: 12     Issue: 3 Pages: 209-213





The energy dispersive analysis showed an increase in the chromium concentration in the coating with an increase in the chromium oxide content in the electrode materials. With an increase in the concentration of Cr2O3 in the coatings, the friction coefficient and wear rate were decreased.

Formation of electric spark WC-Co coatings with modifying Cr2O3 additives

The energy dispersive analysis showed an increase in the chromium concentration in the coating with an increase in the chromium oxide content in the electrode materials. With an increase in the concentration of Cr2O3 in the coatings, the friction coefficient and wear rate were decreased.
A.A. Burkov, L.A. Konevtsov, V.K. Khe
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Year: 2022 Volume: 12     Issue: 3 Pages: 237-242
Journal section: Structure design and analysis


The mechanism of formation of the cellular crystallization structure consists in the occurrence of combined thermocapillary,
concentration-capillary, evaporative-capillary and thermoelectric instability

Modeling the mechanism of micro / nanostructured surface formation in Al-Co-Cr-Fe-Ni and Co-Cr-Fe-Mn-Ni high-entropy alloys treated with a high current pulsed electron beam

The mechanism of formation of the cellular crystallization structure consists in the occurrence of combined thermocapillary, concentration-capillary, evaporative-capillary and thermoelectric instability
S.A. Nevskii, V.D. Sarychev, S.V. Konovalov, K.A. Osintsev, Y.F. Ivanov, I.A. Panchenko, V.E. Gromov
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Year: 2022 Volume: 12     Issue: 3 Pages: 249-254
Journal section: Structure design and analysis

Friction stir processing mode (ω = 2000 rpm, ν = 8 mm/min) and hardening T6 heat treatment were developed, which makes it possible to achieve the formation of a monolithic defect-free structure in the AK12D (Al–12.8Si–1.67Cu–1.03Ni–0.84Mg–0.33Mn–0.23Co–0.24Fe) alloy with a high level of mechanical properties.

Surface hardening of an Al-Si-Cu-Ni-Mg aluminum alloy by friction stir processing and T6 heat treatment

Friction stir processing mode (ω = 2000 rpm, ν = 8 mm/min) and hardening T6 heat treatment were developed, which makes it possible to achieve the formation of a monolithic defect-free structure in the AK12D (Al–12.8Si–1.67Cu–1.03Ni–0.84Mg–0.33Mn–0.23Co–0.24Fe) alloy with a high level of mechanical properties.
G.R. Khalikova, G.R. Zakirova, A.I. Farkhutdinov, E.A. Korznikova, V.G. Trifonov
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Year: 2022 Volume: 12     Issue: 3 Pages: 255-260
Journal section: Structure design and analysis

The method of confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) has demonstrated significantly higher sensitivity for assessing of corrosion damages than standard gravimetric method. 
Moreover, the CLSM method has enabled to obtain the quantitative assessment of average corrosion rate, as well as localized one.

On the quantitative assessment of corrosion damages of aluminum at the early stages using confocal laser scanning microscopy

The method of confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) has demonstrated significantly higher sensitivity for assessing of corrosion damages than standard gravimetric method. Moreover, the CLSM method has enabled to obtain the quantitative assessment of average corrosion rate, as well as localized one.
V.A. Danilov, D.L. Merson
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Year: 2022 Volume: 12     Issue: 3 Pages: 261-265