Abnormal effect of strain rate on dynamic recrystallization of austenite in medium carbon steel alloyed by boron

T.V. Kniaziuk ORCID logo , A.A. Zisman show affiliations and emails
Received 08 December 2021; Accepted 25 January 2022;
Citation: T.V. Kniaziuk, A.A. Zisman. Abnormal effect of strain rate on dynamic recrystallization of austenite in medium carbon steel alloyed by boron. Lett. Mater., 2022, 12(1) 71-75
BibTex   https://doi.org/10.22226/2410-3535-2022-1-71-75


Informative picture demonstrates abnormal strain rate dependence of peak strain in the range of 1 to 100 s-1. The presented structures comply with the loading diagrams.According to literature data confirmed by our experiments on various steels, the strain degree that triggers the dynamic recrystallization of austenite in high-temperature deformation increases with the strain rate. However, as shown in the present work, micro-alloying of medium carbon steel by boron results in the opposite dependence in the strain rate range of 1 to 100 s−1. The corresponding features of stress-strain diagrams comply with the former austenite structures revealed by chemical etching. A specific effect of boron is discussed with allowance for its segregations at grain boundaries where the recrystallization embryos form. Such segregations hinder rearrangement of atoms involved in the grain boundary migration and hence decelerate their bulging necessary to nucleate recrystallization origins. Similar to the known “yield tooth” effect, very strong strain hardening of the steel with boron eventually enables the boundaries to free from the segregated atoms and begin the dynamic recrystallization at relatively low strain degrees. The obtained results indicate that the considered phenomenon is not due to the ultimate strain rate as such but results from its combination with the boron alloying. The revealed regularities gain in significance for evident reasons. First, they enhance ductility of high-strength steels hot deformed with very high strain rates as, for instance, in case of hammering. Second, such treatments notably refine the austenite structure and, correspondingly, improve the transformed structure and final mechanical properties after steel quenching.

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