Development of a biomaterial based on HAP/TiOy nanocomposite with different stoichiometry

S. Rempel1,2, A. Valeeva1,3, E. Bogdanova1, N. Sabirzyanov1
1Institute of Solid State Chemistry, UB of the RAS, 620990 Ekaterinburg, Russia
2Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia B.N. Eltsin, 620002 Ekaterinburg, Russia
3Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia B.N. Eltsin, 620002 Ekaterinburg
Abstract
At present, composite materials based on bioactive hydroxyappatite (HAP) are intensively developed. To achieve better mechanical properties, different additives are used, for example, titanium, zirconium, etc. In the present study, a dispersion-hardened composite material based on nanocrystalline HAP and nanocrystalline titanium monoxide (TiOy, y=0.92, 1.23) is prepared by low temperature annealing in vacuum. As an additive, titanium monoxide with different mass ratios and stoichiometries (10 or 20 mass % of substoichiometric TiO0.92 or superstoichiometric TiO1.23) is used. For the preparation of nanocrystalline powders and mixing of initial components, a planetary ball mill was used. According to scanning electron microscopy (SEM) data, using of the ball milling for mechanical mixing of nanopartilces allows one to prepare denser material with a particle shape, which facilitates cold pressing and sintering. It has been established that introducing of the TiOy additive leads to a reduction of the starting temperature of the composite material hardening by 200 to 250 оС. The phase composition and properties of the end product (microhardness, density) depend on the stoichiometry and on the amount of additives. For the content of 20 mass % of substoichiometric TiO0.92 phases Ti4.5O5 and Ti6O11 are found by means of XRD studies. The phase Ti4.5O5 is an ordered phase and is more stable as compared to other phases of Ti-O system., while the phase Ti6O11 has easy slip crystallographic planes. Presence of such two phases positively influences mechanical properties of the composite. According to SEM, BET and microhardness data, the composites prepared are nanodispersed ones and show an increased density and microhardness as compared to HAP without additives.
Received: 01 February 2017   Revised: 26 April 2017   Accepted: 11 May 2017
Views: 25   Downloads: 10
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