Developing magnesium-based composites through high-pressure torsion

M.M. Castro, P.R. Pereira ORCID logo , R.B. Figueiredo, T.G. Langdon показать трудоустройства и электронную почту
Получена: 24 сентября 2019; Исправлена: 09 октября 2019; Принята: 09 октября 2019
Эта работа написана на английском языке
Цитирование: M.M. Castro, P.R. Pereira, R.B. Figueiredo, T.G. Langdon. Developing magnesium-based composites through high-pressure torsion. Письма о материалах. 2019. Т.9. №4s. С.541-545
BibTex   https://doi.org/10.22226/2410-3535-2019-4-541-545

Аннотация

Magnesium matrix composites can be produced by room temperature consolidation through high-pressure torsion. Good dispersion of phases, ultrafine grained matrix and improved properties are obtained.Magnesium and its alloys display interesting properties such as low density and biocompatibility but the lack of ductility and low strength compromise their performance in many applications. Fabrication of metal matrix composites may alleviate these challenges and improve overall performance. Magnesium matrix composites can be produced by cold consolidation of particles through high-pressure torsion and this paper summarizes recent findings in processing routes for the fabrication of composites, the microstructure developed, mechanical properties obtained and potential applications. It is shown that ductile materials can be mixed with magnesium by processing half samples placed side by side and hard and brittle materials can be incorporated by processing mixed particles. The distribution of phases may be controlled by the amount of rotation imposed during processing. Well-dispersed second phase particles within a continuous magnesium matrix can be obtained. Thus, it is possible to incorporate bioactive materials within a biodegradable magnesium matrix. Detailed characterization using transmission electron microscopy reveals the processing also refines the grain structure of the metallic matrix. The composites may display good ductility, improved strength and an ability to precipitate intermetallics through thermal treatment. The composites produced using high-pressure torsion have different potential applications including the development of bioactive and biodegradable biological implants.

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Финансирование

1. Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico - 400407/2016-7
2. Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de Minas Gerais - APQ-00580-15
3. Serrapilheira Institute - Serra-1709-17750